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Common Causes of Lower Left Abdominal Pain

5 Common Causes of Lower Left Abdominal Pain

The abdominal region is one of the most sensitive organs in our body, being, therefore, subject to hurt due to many different diseases.

In most of the times, the abdominal pain is benign and is a self-event. Everyone in the world has felt pain in their belly at some point: mild, which ultimately disappeared without medical treatment. However, when the abdominal pain is extensive or there are other connected symptoms such as fever, puking, prostration or bloody diarrhea, evaluation by a physician is necessary.

This article will address the 5 common causes of lower left abdominal pain, explaining simply how to identify it.

Do not use this article for self-testing for without blood tests and imaging, abdominal pain can be difficult to diagnose even for doctors.

All organs found within the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity is liable to cause pain in the belly. Sometimes, organs in the chest cavity can also cause abdominal pain, such as heart or inflammation at the base of the lungs.

Lower Left Abdominal Pain  Location

The types of innervations of most of the abdominal organs cause the brain to have some difficulty in locating the exact point of pain. Most problems in the abdominal or pelvic organs cause diffusion around the center of the abdominal pain. The exceptions are kidney problems, gallbladder, ovarian or appendix, which tend to be more lateralized.

In most times, abdominal pain indicates no serious illness. Most cases are associated with colonic intestinal fat food or intoxications. Slight stomach pains disappear after a few hours. They are usually caused by dilation of the intestine by gases. Anxiety disorders can cause abdominal pain of short durations to increase the gas content in the intestines.


 1. Diverticulitis

This is one of the common causes of lower left abdominal pain. It is a pouch that is formed in the wall of the large intestine (colon), like a thimble, usually in persons above 60 years. It is the tenderness in the diverticulum which causes swelling.

Most diverticula inflammation is located in the descending portion of the colon, located at the left of the abdomen. The pain lasts several days and is usually accompanied by fever.

When inflammation of a diverticulum in the upstream part of the large intestine (right) occurs, symptoms are very similar to those of appendicitis.

2. Cholecystitis and gallstones

The mere presence of gallstones does not usually cause symptoms. Abdominal pain occurs when there is an obstruction in the drainage pipe. If the obstruction is prolonged, Cholecystitis and gallbladder inflammation arises.

The pain of obstruction of the gallbladder is called biliary colic and tends to be located in the right upper quadrant and epigastria; it is typically a colonic that arises immediately after ingestion of fatty foods. The biliary colic pain may spread out to the back and right shoulder.

It usually emerges and becomes stronger in the first 2 hours after the last meal. When pain arises accompanied by fever and vomiting and does not improve with the passing of the hours.

3. Acute Pancreatitis

Inflammation of the pancreas, called acute pancreatitis usually occurs in people who are alcoholics. Acute pancreatitis usually arises from one to three days after a large alcohol intake, posing as a severe pain in the lower left abdomen, including both hypochondria and epigastria. The pain of acute pancreatitis lasts several days, often accompanied by vomiting and gets worse after eating.

4. Kidney Stones and Appendicitis

The kidney stone usually manifest as a severe pain in the lumbar region unilaterally. Often it radiates to the abdomen, especially on the flanks. If the stones are obstructing the urethra and are near the bladder, the pain can be in the lower abdomen or in the iliac fossa, radiating to the scrotal region.

The pain of appendicitis usually starts to grow and diffuses mainly around the navel, being located in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen only when it becomes more intense. It is common to have a fever and associated vomiting.

5. Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrheal)

Some aches during menstruation are normal, but a lot of pain is not. The medical term for excessively painful periods is dysmenorrheal. Painful menstruation is the leading cause for women between their teenage years and between 20 and 30 years of age.

These were 5 common causes of lower left abdominal pain. It should be noted that after identification of these 5 common causes of lower left abdominal pain, you should immediately seek a doctor’s advice and not sit around waiting for the time to pass as they can prove fatal.

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